HIV infections continue to be a major public health crisis around the world. The disease has evolved swiftly over the years and the scenario of HIV-1 genetic diversity is constantly changing. It is a preventable disease and continues to be a major public health crisis around the world.
In this era of increasingly effective treatments for HIV/AIDS, such disease infected people are living longer, healthier, and more productive lives. Moreover, deaths from HIV infection have greatly declined in recent years with an increase in national HIV prevention and health care programs
HIV infections in America continue to be a major public health crisis. There were around 38,500 new HIV infections found in the U.S., in 2015. Additionally, an estimated 1.2m Americans are suffering from HIV and nearly 12% do not know they have it. Although recent figures show that annual HIV infections declined 18% in the U.S. from 2008 to 2014, however, HIV continues to spread.
The recent analysts suggest the ratios of disease in men and women, which are given below:
- 81% of annual HIV diagnoses occurred in men, globally.
- More than half of the percentage occurred in gay and bisexual men, regardless of race, religion or ethnicity.
- And, 45% of annual HIV diagnoses occurred in African Americans, 27% in whites, and 24% in Hispanics/Latinos.
The first Aids case was found in Brazil in 1982 and since then millions of cases had been reported throughout the world. Moreover, globally, 36.9m people were living with HIV in 2017 and around 1.8m people became newly infected with HIV in the same year. Out of which, 16% were from eastern and southern Africa and 95% of new HIV infections were found from eastern Europe and central Asia and the Middle East and North Africa.
HIV is a preventable disease and effective HIV prevention interventions have been proven to reduce HIV transmission. People who get tested for HIV and learn that they are infected can make significant behavior changes to improve their health and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their sex or drug-using partners. Recent scientific advances have demonstrated that early initiation of treatment of HIV not only preserves the health of people living with HIV but also reduces their risk of transmitting HIV to their surroundings.